-rebirth; period of west european's history where there was a wonderful philosophical and artistic activity. -14th to 17th century
before the renaissance
-decline in middle ages
-focuses were generally on non-urban and gardening
-writings generally concerned with the Church
-feudalism to nationwide monarchies
-man became interested with the affairs of the world; they began to wander from the Cathedral; they started to question lifestyle; -crusades
origins of german renaisance
the renaissance started in italy because of several causes; some of which are: -the crusades-this allowed the europeans to become exposed to traditional and roman writing that were preserved by muslims -trading- italy was your centre with the mediterrainean control; this brought about great prosperity to the nation; the medici family was incharge of trade; we were holding very rich, this prosperity was used to sponsor performers, painters, copy writers etc . -italians were more attached to their particular classical both roman heritage -six major metropolitan areas of italy in which the renaissance flourished -genoa -venice -florence -milan -naples -rome
-the analyze of traditional writings (greeks and romans); it is the idea that people will be rational beings -men from the renaissance period began to break away from the church; we declare this since they had began to criticize the authority with the church as well as they were quite interested in your life itself; unichip were referred to as humanists, that were there believed that life was more than living for the church but that man was brilliant beings and full of really worth
-Thinker and Writer of late13th-early14th hundred years
-Pioneer of Renaissance; Father of the Italian language
-Diplomat; Personal Observer; Great Poet;
-Expressed phrases in the indigenous Tuscan Tongue
-Wrote " The Keen Comedy"
-poet; studied regulation; member of the clergy; " founder of humanism" -master of lyric poetry
-interested in archeology and collecting coins and medals
-criticized the medieval educational method
-studied publication of classical books
-book: Compliment of Folly
where he made fun in the clergy; published against indulgences, fasting upon fridays and during lent; plus the some of the Church's interpretation with the bible
-book: utopia =criticized the society of his day time
-Two wonderful loves: traditional learning, persons of Portugal
-Loved his native france speech
-Book: The Intestimable Life from the Great Gargantua, Father of Pantagruel -Ridiculed fakery and falsehood; got the highest respect for integrity
Printing Press - Johann Gutenberg
-this sped up the reproduction of books
-helped in the creating of libraries
-popularised the ideas and information of the renaissance
-spread from Australia to american countries to become very popular in Italia Aldus Manutius - famous italian printer of Venice
-resolved that he would submit all the Traditional and Latin classics which will he wanted to sell for a price an average could manage. He performed this by printing books of modest amounts and inexpensive conventional paper. -Aldine type- known today as Italics
-Painting and Architecture
-Renaissance architects came inspiration via studying this Greek and Roman models -Central feature of a renaissance building -- dome added to a drum -Round arches and long rows of greek content were much used.
Michelangelo-native of florence.
-architect, painter, sculptor
-Dome of St . Peter's was done according to his models
-Fresco painting on the roof of the Sistine Chapel -Vatican -Italian artsits were qualified in the skill of art work portraits and less successful by landscapes -they were commissioned to decorate churches with artwork based on topics taken from the Bible too of lives of the saints.
OLD MASTERS OF GERMAN PAINTING: Michelangelo; Leonardo Weil Vinci, Correggio,...