1 ) 0.
History of the Difficulty
The history and the problem of illiteracy are certainly not unique to Zambia while illiteracy encompasses all countries in the world. What matters here is not merely the nature and magnitude of the problem, nevertheless also what has been done to address the condition. Throughout a lot of the human history a large percentage of00 people have recently been illiterate. This has been to the drawback to such persons. Mulenga (2008: 55) shows that " In the se?orial society, for example , the ability to go through and create was of value only to the clergy and aristocracy as well as the issue of illiteracy was not seen as a enormous problem then till after the invention of printing in the 15th CenturyвЂќ.
In Zambia, the situation of illiteracy dates back towards the colonial era where imperialiste masters relegated local and traditional education to the fringes, while marketing Western education. Colonial masters denied the indigenous people universal education creating informed and illiterate people within a society that hitherto realized no such trends. This did not have long to offer birth to high illiteracy rates amongst men and women specifically people in rural parts of Zambia. This situation led to more than 2, three hundred, 000 persons out of the population of three, 400, 000 black Zambian not to have already been to school 12 months before self-reliance (Nyirenda, 1969 and Mwanakatwe, 1969). Virtually all such everyone was women especially in rural areas who wasn't able to walk extended distances to schools that were few and much apart.
This kind of state of affairs gradually began to cause anxiety as it came to boomerang against the colonial time government in numerous aspects including tax compliance and deficit of human resource intended for the broadening civil support and qualified manpower for the growing industries, industrial activities and also other service providers. As the situation made worse, pressure was put on the colonial operations by the personal activists of that time period. Slowly and with reluctance, few educational institutions were established to offer formal education towards the black persons of Northern Rhodesia. As such schools were too little to make a
significant impact in a society that was very illiterate, most remote areas had no schools also for many years producing such means of education insufficient. As a result, besides institutional education, the imperialiste administration observed the need of creating other strategies, such as the advertising, to take education to the public. This was completed, first, by simply experiments in the year 1950s and widespread reaching classrooms by the airwaves and television on the basis of the United Land Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Report upon Education in Northern Rhodesia of 1963 recommendations.
Yet , with the suffering economy between the 1980s and 1990s, radio lessons rejected even when the attrition rate in education among major and secondary pupils was extremely sky-rocketing. During this period, the Ministry of Education (MOE) also considerably reduced money education generally speaking and specially the funding towards the Education Broadcasting Services (EBS) section proclaiming that " the assistance had become too costly to manageвЂќ (MOE, mil novecentos e noventa e seis, 81-82). This kind of meant that a few children of school going age could not enter school. Between those who would, large numbers of these people dropped out adding to the already large army of illiterates and unschooled Zambians.
What must be capitalized in, here, is that most of the illiterate population demonstrate an insatiable appetite and hunger to get learning. What these people have got desperately weren't getting has been a system of education which is designed to effectively take education out of the wall surfaces of corporations to where the need is great at an affordable price. In fact , with such a problem in education, Coombs (1968) had suggested non-formal education as an alternative to formal schooling. This kind of became one of the cornerstones of building Radio Chikuni in the Chikuni Parish of Monze Section of Zambia. The radio train station was founded upon...
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