The Chinese Culture in Neologism

 Essay regarding The Chinese Culture in Neologism

英语词汇中的新词语

(2002年10月至12 月)

——英汉语中的消极新词体现的文化概念

The cultural strategy expressed in the passive Chinese language and British new phrases

概要:

语言不只是一种表达工具,它跟一个民族的思维方式,文化心理密切相关。它记录了一个民族的文化踪迹,成为延续历史与未来的血脉。任何文化特性都能通过语言来展示。本文在分析所给英语新词的基础上,对比总结了汉语中出现的消极新词及其折射的社会心理。 一 解词示例

WORDS IN OCTOBER (按字母排序)

arsenic hourn.

(—Marguerite Kelly and Elia Parsons, The Mother's Almanac I, 1975) 指一天中任何一段忙乱的时间, 尤指和孩子打交道的时间。 Eg: This is the time of day time known as " the curare hour. "

Camgirln.

(—Edward Marriott and Lisa O'Carroll, " Up, " Evening time Standard (London), January twenty eight, 1998) 芙蓉姐姐。 指那些把自己的照片粘贴在各个网站的年轻女子。 Eg: These " camgirls" rule the world of amateur Web sites

Cremainsn.

(—Rob Wilson, The Associated Press, Sept 13, 1977) 骨灰。火化尸体的残留物。

Eg: Every hollow batiment has a plaque and a discreet pocket sized to hold the ashes — or cremains do-it-herselfern.

(—The San Francisco Chronicle, January you, 1992)

指那些可以胜任房子维修或建筑施工的女子。 Eg: She's one of an increasing number of dedicated do-it-herselfers. Faxloren.

(—Mary Schmich, " This murmullo relies on fernkopie, not specifics, " Chicago, il Tribune, Sept 15, 1993) 通过传真传播的谣言或是一些趣味性的谚语故事等。 Eg: This bit of faxlore demands participation.

economic pornographyn.

(—Bruce Ingersoll, " Regulating Guidance, " The Wall Street Journal, Nov 15, 1984 ) 指那些赞扬企业家,理财者的文章报道。

Eg :In The Four Pillars of Wisdom, [author Bill Berstein] devotes a well-deserved part to the monetary press as well as its weakness to get " economic pornography" hedgehog conceptn.

(—Jim Collins, " Level a few Leadership, " Harvard Business Review, 12 , 2000 as well as January 2001) 制胜法宝。一种理念或是一个主意,若能顺利付诸实际的话可使个人事业或是公司业绩达到最大优势。 Eg:you get the hedgehog concept

hygiene hypothesisn.

(—Alfredo Pisacane et al., " Breast feeding and acute appendicitis, " The English Medical Journal, April 1, 1995) 卫生假设。一种新的理论,认为若幼儿时很少接触细菌将会导致成人以后免疫系统较差。 Eg :The new results add to a growing collection of proof for the " health hypothesis. " Ideopolisn.

(—" Don't drop the deceased donkey, " The Economist, April 13, 2002) 一种后工业化城市,尤指被知识含量高的工业或学术机构占据的区域。 Eg: Some ideopolises contain significant production facilities。 Iraqnophobian.

(—Mark Marymont, " Leno show was long, yet didn't move, " Illinois Democrat-Gazette, August 4, 1990) 恐伊症。 对伊拉克的恐惧,尤指对他们制造生化武器、核武器能力的恐惧。 Eg: Leader Bush can launch his " initial public offering" of inventory in his most recent product, Iraqnophobia. killer litter box n.

(—Kenneth L. Whiting, " Singapore Marks twenty-five years Of Self-Rule This Week, " The Affiliated Press, The spring 5, 1984) 致命垃圾。指从高层建筑投出的垃圾。

Eg:This is the second 'killer litter' death since April 2000 leaf peeper n.

(—Joanne D'Alcomo " Thousands Come for Colorful New Great britain Autumn, " The Linked Press, October 11, 1980) 赏叶人。指这样一些人,他们选择合适的时间去树叶色彩缤纷的地方观赏。 Eg: a tea leaf peeper will encounter the peak of foliage color minds-on adj

(—" Du Webpage children's museum offers a 'place to discover' in Elmhusrt, " Chicago Podium, October a couple of, 1988) 动脑的。使集中精神的,开动脑筋的。常和hands on 一起出现。 Eg: Inquiry-based science, minds-on and hands-on, engages the students monster region n

(—David P. Calleo, " An Elder Statesman Speaks Away, " The Washington Content, February 3, 1993) 国霸。指政治,经济文化大国。尤指难以统治的。 Eg: these other " huge countries" go above specific issues and results. monster house n.

(—Michael Best, " 'Monster' homes may be banned in North York, " The Barcelone Star, March 3, 1987) 非常庞大的建筑,尤指和周围建筑风格不相符的建筑物。贬义词。 For example :monster homes are destroying the historical fabric of older local communities. newatern.

(—Laurel Teo, " Recycling to meet 15% of water requires by 2010, " The Straits Occasions (Singapore), January 13, 2001) 再生水,尤指洗浴用水,厕所用水等经处理所得的可以饮用的水。 Eg:the government has started calling the recycled squander " newater" pickade n

(—" Irish farmers commemorate abattoir victory, " Agra Europe, Feb . 11, 2000) 由picket 和blockade 混合而成。源于爱尔兰,指纠察管理交通。 Eg: " pickades" could well be the next step.

post-traumatic work switcher n

(—" Taking care of effectively when disaster happens, " Copley News Service, April 30, 2002) 特指9. 11 时间以后,由于精神压力变换工作的人。 Eg:The alterations have actually given rise to a...

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